Urban design

Dealing with urban design

Typology and urbanism: The disposition of types

The most recent Technical Page outlined the idea of typology — an ordered assembly of building types — as a basis for making good urbanism. Any fully developed building type manifests three consistently characteristic aspects; its function,  its configuration, and its disposition. Function is the broad range and mix of activities which may be well-harbored in a building manifesting a given type; it is not the narrow, unreachable-in-practice, mono-use tailoring of Modernist theorization.

Plan caption: The organic block and street structure

A 160-acre, 1,000-unit traditional neighborhood development (TND) was planned in early September for a quarter-section greenfield site in Omaha, Nebraska. The organic nature of the block structure created by planner Placemakers and lead urban designer Bill Dennis is in sharp contrast to the geometrically square site (see plan). The block and street pattern grew out of natural landscape features, the planners said.

Reston Town Center: a downtown for the 21st century?

A handsome new book from Academy Press in Washington, DC, carries the inflated title Reston Town Center: A Downtown for the 21st Century. A more accurate, less puffed-up title would have been “Reston Town Center: A Downtown for the Suburbs.” The tradition-influenced center in northern Virginia’s 1960s “New Town” pursues a number of new urbanist ideas very skillfully, but falls short of being an ideal for cities, or for the century as a whole.

A plaza shared by vehicles and pedestrians

Downtown Montgomery will soon have a new plaza much like those in Europe. The Alabama city was about to rebuild an intersection around the 1885-vintage Court Street fountain when Ken Groves, head of the city planning department, asked Rick Hall and DeWayne Carver of Hall Planning and Engineering in Tallahassee to review the construction drawings. Hall and Carver saw the fountain area — which terminates a view down Dexter Avenue from the Capitol — as a place that would be congenial both for vehicles and for people on foot if designed and built properly.

A vision of towers for Memphis medical institutions

magine driving into Memphis and finding a medical district whose skyline consists of one romantic tower after another — Tennessee’s response to the medieval Italian town. Imagine walking the streets of the medical district and finding them not bleak or scorching but pleasurable — lined by shade trees, ornamental fences, distinctive gates, and buildings that enhance public life.

The necessity of adjustments Alley and garage variations

Every component of urbanism possesses both technical and social dimensions. While there are always good reasons for a traditional component or relationship of components to assume a standard form, there are also times when some widespread alteration of social circumstance licenses, indeed demands, technical reinvention.

Ritual House Drawing on Nature’s Rhythms for Architecture and Urban Design

By Ralph L. Knowles Island Press, 2006, 224 pp., hardcover $35.

How to mitigate the impact of big box stores

Belmar, an urban center in Colorado, offers cutting-edge ideas for incorporating large retailers into a mixed-use environment.

The necessity of adjustments: The alley opening

The patterns of alley geometry and alley-associated buildings, where they meet the block faces and surrounding streets, may be usefully adjusted in a variety of ways. It is necessary to understand standard configurations, but also how they may be tuned to local situations.

Planning and Urban Design Standards

By the American Planning Association

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006, 736 pp., hardcover $199.

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